Traditional House of DKI Jakarta / Betawi

Jakarta officially known as the Special Capital Territory of Jakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of Java, Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre, with the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia, and is the twelfth-largest city in the world. The official metropolitan area is the second largest in the world, yet the city's suburbs still continue beyond it. Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research.

As typology in Indonesia, Jakarta has Unique Traditional House as well, called  Batavian house or Rumah Betawi, is the word derrived from ‘Batavia’, previously the name of Jakarta city. The presence of ‘orang Betawi’ or Batavian/Betawi people is decreasing since massive development of Jakarta. Also Traditional House of Betawi almost gone by Globalism and Jakarta already change as "Modern Cities without Identity clearly". 

Traditional House of Jakarta has 2 type, as such:

Rumah Adat Betawi
Bapang House or Kebaya House
1. Bapang House or as famous called Kebaya House. Characteristic of this house is a spacious front porch and there the living room couch where homeowners are relaxed, semi-open only in the limit fence 80 cm high and the floors are usually higher than ground level and there is a staircase made ​​of cement bricks at most 3 steps . Front and around the house is a spacious home page new outer fence of the house. The form is simple and made ​​of wood with carved Betawi typical home with a box shape (box-shaped raised above ground) Bapang house consists of living room, family room, bedroom, bathroom, kitchen and extra spacious terrace. 

2. Rumah Gudang or Storage House. Easy guessed from that name, this Betawi traditional house stands on a rectangular ground, his elongated front to back. The roof of his house looks like a saddle horse or armor, and at the front of the house there is a small roof.

Rumah Tradisional Betawi
Rumah Gudang or Storage House

Betawi house structured framework of wood or bamboo, while the base form of land and in the tackle or in the cement. Its uniqueness and characteristics of the house is located on lisplank Betawi house is made ​​of wood material boards carved with ornaments lined triangle, named the 'Gigi Balang' very typical Betawi. In the middle of the house was in use as a living room in which there is a bedroom, dining room, kitchen and bathroom walled timber is closed and several windows for ventilation air, outside of a paste-open terrace surrounded by a low fence that used material Falkirk wood, tile roof using current to the clay material. Front wall of the house is usually applying knock down or apart pairs can be useful if the homeowner held a celebration that requires a wider space.


One of interesting concept of ‘rumah Betawi’ is the concept of openness of the veranda or terrace that exist because Betawi people are easily socializing and open. The openness can still be used in modern house design with using verandah or terrace as replacement of living room. Even modern houses can be built or designed using modern materials, the openness can still be exist so that the character of Betawi house will still be there.

In the interior, one aspect that is interesting is the unique ornaments which usually appear at doors and windows, ventilation and other part of the house. The ornament is influenced by Arabian, Portuguese, China and Dutch, and is one of the most unique character of Betawi house.